Biodiversity


"I think having land and not ruining
it is the most beautiful art that anybody could ever want".
(Andy Warhol)

A heaven on earth for
the flora and fauna

Loving nature also means respecting, protecting, and caring for the plants and animals that inhabit it

biodiversity-friend-rosarubra

The term “biodiversity” generally refers to life forms on our planet. It is not a new concept. It goes back more than 3.5 billion years of evolution, although the word “biodiversity” is quite new, dating back to 1985, originating from the combination of two words, Diversity and biologic (WWF source).
Biodiversity is the heritage of all mankind because it ensures the survival of life on Earth, which is why it is so important to take good care of it and strive to reduce its loss as much as possible.

Every place is unique and unrepeatable precisely because of the presence of all those animal and plant species and microorganisms that characterize its biodiversity.

``IT IS IN THE HEART OF MAN THAT THE SPECTACLE OF NATURE LIVES. TO SEE IT, YOU MUST FEEL IT``.

Bees

Bees aren’t just fundamental for the protection of biodiversity. They work as a biological indicator of air quality as well. Indeed, the little workers cannot survive in an environment that is not 100% healthy. This is why demonstrations are taking place all over the world in defense of bees, which are currently at risk of extinction due to the massive use of pesticides and insecticides and the consequences of industrial agriculture over the years.

The bee has been the symbol of industriousness since ancient times, a symbolic insect in myths, legends, and religions, known since prehistoric times for its usefulness. As honey was the only source of sugar in antiquity, the bee, its producer, was held in high esteem. Today, we are well aware of the valuable work of bees and other pollinating insects: one-third of our food depends on their pollination work. If these precious insects disappeared, the consequences on food production would be devastating, which is why keeping them safe is everyone’s duty.

On our estate, the little workers live in what we like to call a ‘bee resort‘. Here they are free to carry out their pollination work that is so important to all of us, contributing to the protection of biodiversity. The honey produced is unique and contains all the essence of the ‘thousand flowers’ of the wildflowers and herbs that grow around the oak forests.

The officinal plants

Our daily commitment toward the nature that hosts us translates into a continuous study of biodynamic farming techniques, which are indispensable for restoring the soil to its original state, protecting biodiversity, and guaranteeing the best possible fruit for our wines.

Medicinal plants, known since antiquity for their healing and beneficial properties, also come to our aid in this important journey.

The name comes from the Latin ‘officia’, which were the workshops where essences used in folk medicine were extracted from plants. In fact, ‘officinal plants’ refers to both aromatic and medicinal plants. From the ancient Egyptians to the Romans, to the present day, plants have always played an important role in the care and well-being of human beings. The same goes for soil, air, and animals.

Bees and other pollinator insects tend to “pay a visit” to the plants, thus increasing biodiversity. Plant extracts are used to manure and fertilize the soil, making it strong, healthy, and vigorous, and granting it more protection from any external agents thanks to their beneficial properties. Just like a sort of vitamin therapy strengthening antibodies.

Lavender, thyme, sage, rue, Santolina, hyssop, rosemary, laurel, and borage are just some of the plants growing on the estate, from which we extract the essential oils to be used in our biodynamic preparations.

The insects’ hotel

A very effective way to promote biodiversity and protect plants from harmful insects is to build ‘beneficial insect hotels’.

What are beneficial insects and why have we built so many hotels for them on our estate? To answer these questions, we should start by saying that all living beings in the world have a specific role in nature. Unfortunately, animal and plant varieties, richness, genetic fight, and the balance in nature are lost due to pesticide abuse and invasive farming techniques, that do not respect the natural ecosystem. In the biodynamics, the insects play a vital role in preserving biodiversity, as well as being, in some cases, truly formidable in defending plants and vineyards from pests and diseases.

These insect facilities function like real hotels, equipped with all comforts and with ‘rooms’ tailored to the needs of the various ‘guests’. The European stag beetles, for instance, need tiny pieces of rotten, wet wood to provide sustenance for their larvae. Solitary bees stay in comfortable cells filled with wood logs and bamboo canes, decorated with sand and bits of clay; dragonflies and moths choose rooms on the upper floors, vertically, where they can comfortably access their suites, furnished with dry wood and bark, while ladybirds and earwigs love rooms lined with straw.

``The role of the infinitely small in nature is infinitely large``.
L. Pasteur

Rosarubra's friend

When talking about biodiversity, we are not only referring to plants, insects, or microorganisms, but also wildlife, migratory or resident birds, and even endangered farmyard species.

Our habitat is perfect for offering asylum to migratory birds such as herons, for example, who frequently choose our ponds to rest after their long journeys. Walking among the centuries-old oaks, it may happen to hear the squeak of shy squirrels playing on the branches and, if you pay attention to the ground, you may come across some strange holes – could it be the mole looking for a way through the roots of the flea-bitten trees in search of food? Turning your gaze to the sky is a must when you are in our neck of the woods: a beautiful hawk might hover with its great wings right in front of your eyes.

The focus on the protection of biodiversity, in all its aspects, has led us to an activity we care a great deal about: the recovery of endangered farmyard animals. On the estate, you can visit a small farmyard, where some species to be protected, such as the Brahma, live and grow.

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